World War II

Soup Bowl Used by Representatives of the US, UK, Soviet Union, and France at Meetings of the Allied Control Council


Soup Bowl Used by Representatives of the US, UK, Soviet Union, and France at Meetings of the Allied Control Council 

9” soup bowl, the manufacturer is “1747 / F / 1947 / Fürstenberg.” The flag of each of the “Big Four” nations adorns the dish. Fine condition.



After Germany’s unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945, government power ceased to exist in Germany. On June 5, 1945, the Allied Control Council was established. Government power was taken over by the Commanders-in-Chief of the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and France. Although the country was divided into occupation zones, the idea of a unified Germany was preserved: decisions on “the chief questions affecting Germany as a whole” were to be made by the Allied Control Council and these decisions needed to be unanimous.



The Allied Control Council met in the former building of the Kammergericht, the Supreme Court of the State of Prussia, in the American sector of Berlin. On August 30, 1945, the Allied Control Council issued its first proclamation informing the German people of its existence, explaining that the commands and directives issued by the Commanders-in-Chief in the four zones would not be affected by the establishment of the Council. Representing the “Big Four” were General Dwight D. Eisenhower (USA), Field Marsha; Bernard L. Montgonmery (UK), Marshall Georgi Zhukov (USSR), and General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (France). In 1945 and 1946, the Council issued numerous proclamations, laws, and directives dealing with the abolishment of Nazi laws and organizations, demilitarization, and denazification, as well as all issues affecting the German people such as Law No. 7 (November 30, 1945) regulating the distribution of electricity and gas in the various occupation zones, Directive No. 14 (September 13, 1946) equalizing the wages of female and minor workers with male workers, Law No. 49 (March 20, 1947) abrogating the German law of 1933 which governed relations between the German government and the German Evangelical Church, while keeping the independence of that church in internal matters, and Law No. 62 (February 20, 1948) repealing all Nazi laws regulating the activities of churches in Germany.



On June 5, 1947, U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall announced a comprehensive program of American assistance to all European countries wanting to participate, including the Soviet Union and those of Eastern Europe. The European Recovery Program which became known as the Marshall Plan was opposed by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin. He did not want American aid to Soviet-controlled nations such as Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. To coordinate the economies of the American and British occupation zones, these were combined into what was referred to as Bizonia, later re-named the Trizone, when France joined in.



Representatives of these three governments, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, met in London in January 1948 to discuss the future of Germany, despite Soviet threats to ignore any decisions taken. The Soviets then began stopping British and American trains to Berlin, in order to check the identities of the passengers. On March 12, 1948, Stalin outlined a plan to force the policy of the western allies into line with the wishes of the Soviet government by “regulating” access to Berlin. The Allied Control Council met for the last time on March 20, 1948, when Soviet representative Vasily Sokolovsky, commander in chief of Soviet forces in East Germany, demanded to know, from the American, British, and French representatives, the outcome of the London conference. Being told that they had not as yet received the final results from their governments, he said, “I see no sense in continuing this meeting, and I declare it adjourned. The entire Soviet delegation rose and walked out.



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Item: 57270

Price: $5,000.00
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 World War II
World War II
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