Civil War

"Emancipation of Slavery" Rare Civil War Amnesty Oath Signed by Confederate Acknowledges Free Slaves

"Emancipation of Slavery" Rare Civil War Amnesty Oath Signed by Confederate Acknowledges Free Slaves

 

Partially printed document, 9.75" x 8", Galveston Texas.  Dated "July 19, 1865". A scarce Trans-Mississippi oath of allegiance numbered "318" and signed by a former Confederate, "Stephen Vansickle". Rendered on thin vellum, with slight trivial edgwear. Near Fine.

 

Shown in full:

 

 "I Stephen Vansickle, do solemnly swear in the presence of Almighty God that I will hereafter faithfully defend the Constitution of the United States there=under; and that I will in like manner abide by and support all laws and proclamations which have been made during the existing rebellion with reference to the Emancipation of Slavery, so help me God".

 

The Presidential pardon given to ex-Confederates was a special power exercised by Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Jackson and was usually extended in cases where the person pardoned had served in the military above the rank of colonel, or a civilian who had exercised political power under the Confederate government.  As Johnson assumed the presidency his attitude toward Confederate leaders seemed to signify punishment and prosecution for the rebellion. Many southern leaders fled the United States, going to Mexico, Canada, Europe and other countries. He doubled the number of exempted classes that had been exempted by Lincoln. Johnson's proclamation of May 29, 1865, for example, did not include anyone whose personal property exceeded $20,000. Several mitigating factors however led Johnson to greater clemency, influenced by the attitude of Lincoln for reconciliation and William H. Seward's similar leniency towards the former rebels.

 

The following classes of persons were excepted from the benefits of this proclamation:

 

First – All who are or shall have been pretended civil or diplomatic officers, or otherwise domestic or foreign agents of the pretended Confederate Government.

 

Second – All who left judicial stations under the United States to aid the rebellion.

 

Third – All who shall have been military or naval officers of said pretended Confederate Government above the rank of Colonel in the army or Lieutenant in the navy.

 

Fourth – All who left seats in the Congress of the United States to aid the rebellion.

 

Fifth – All who resigned or tendered resignations of their commissions in the army or navy of the United States, to evade duty in resisting the rebellion.

 

Sixth – All who have engaged in any way in treating otherwise than lawfully as prisoners of war persons found in the United States service, as officers, soldiers, seamen, or in other capacities.

 

Seventh – All persons who have been or are absentees from the United States for the purpose of aiding the rebellion.

 

Eighth – All military and naval officers in the rebel service who were educated by the government in the Military Academy at West Point, or the United States Naval Academy.

 

Ninth – All persons who held the pretended offices of Governors of States in insurrection against the United States.

 

Tenth – All persons who left their homes within the jurisdiction and protection of the United States and passed beyond the Federal military lines into the so-called Confederate States, for the purpose of aiding the rebellion.

 

Eleventh – All parties who have been engaged in the destruction of the commerce of the United States upon the high seas, and all persons who have made raids into the United States from Canada, or been engaged in destroying the commerce of the United States upon the lakes and rivers that separate the British Provinces from the United States.

 

Twelfth – All persons who at the time when they seek to obtain the benefits hereof by taking the oath herein prescribed, are in military naval, or civil confinement, or custody, or under bonds of the civil, military or naval authorities or agents of the United States, as prisoners of war, or persons detained for offences of any kind either before or after conviction.

 

Thirteenth – All persons who have voluntarily participated in said rebellion, and the estimated value of whose taxable property is over twenty thousand dollars.

 

Fourteenth – All persons who have taken the oath of amnesty as prescribed in the President's Proclamation of December 8, A.D., 1863, or an oath of allegiance to the Government of the United States since the dates of said proclamation, and who have not thenceforward kept and maintained the same inviolate – provided that special application may be made to the President for pardon by any person belonging to the excepted classes, and such clemency will be liberally extended as may be consistent with the facts of the case and the peace and dignity of the United States.

 

A important historical document which would present well framed!

 

This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.

 

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Item: 65451

Price: $2,200.00
Qty
 Civil War
Civil War
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