Civil War

A fine archive highlighting the changing role of African-Americans in 19th Century Society

An important, three piece archive concerning an African-American Civil War soldier. A military document dated June 25, 1864 states: "I have this day issued to Carter Arbaugh, of your Company, the articles of clothing specified in the enclosed receipt. I have charged them on his descriptive roll, and you will please have the same charged on your company books... [signed D. Dimon Capt. & A.Q.M to Co. 'B' 11 Regt. U.S. Col[ored Troops."

The second document, dated that same day, acknowledges: "Received of Captain C. Dimon, A.Q.M, Fort Smith, Ark., this 25 day of June, 1864, the following list of Clothing, Camp and Garrison Equipage: One pr shoes... one Blouse... One pr pants... [signed Carter X Arbaugh his mark 'B' Company 11 regiment. U.S. Col[oredd Troops."

The final piece is an autograph document signed by John Hayes: "I John Hayes Jr... late Captain Co. B 11th Regiment U.S. Colored Troops (Infantry), do solemnly declare on oath, that I have duly accounted for all Public Property for which I am responsible as an Officer of the United States Military Service... John Hayes Jr. Late Captain Co. B.11th Regt. U.S. Col[ored Troops... 8th Day of April 1865." This document was signed one day before Lee's surrender to Grant at Appomattox. Prior to the Civil War, there was little precedent for African-American soldiers in America. In the American Revolution, about one thousand black soldiers participated in the fighting. William Cooper Nell mentions in his book "Colored Patriots of the American Revolution" "...Thomas Savoy, a negro veteran having served at the battle of Salado when Gen. Woll invaded Texas in 1842..." (p. 202).

In the War of 1812, there were none except for those free blacks who fought under Andrew Jackson at New Orleans. No records exist of any black soldiers in the Mexican War. In 1861, when free blacks tried to enlist in the military, they were turned away. In October 1862, however, Benjamin Butler raised African-American troops and mustered the First Louisiana Native Guard. After the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, Lincoln asked for four black regiments. By the end of the war, approximately three hundred thousand African-Americans in one hundred sixty-six regiments had enlisted. The first black regiment to see combat was the 79th US Colored Infantry at Island Mounds, Missouri on October 28, 1862. This archive is a fine piece of African-American and military history.

Item: 20640

Price: $1,500.00
 Civil War Civil War Civil War Civil War
Civil War
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