John J. Pershing

Pershing Signed Maps for American Success in World War I Archive

Pershing Signed Maps for American Success in World War I Archive

This small collection of World War I materials illustrates the service of the Topographical Section of the 29th Engineers as they prepared accurate maps for the operations of the American Expeditionary Forces in France. The Commemorative Photograph Album contains an autograph signature by Commander-in-Chief John J. Pershing beneath his printed signature.

[WORLD WAR I.] JOHN J. PERSHING, Autographed Commemorative Photograph Album for 29th Engineers at General Headquarters, 1917-1919, Chaumont, France. 40 pp. with 32 photographs, 11.5" x 8.75".  Bound on left with ribbons through two punched holes; wear and stains on cover; photographs in very good condition. Also includes Appointment of James M. Kreiter Jr. (1889-1962) as Corporal, Company A, 29th Engineers, Printed Document, September 19, 1918, 1 p., 10.5" x 8"; War Service Certificate, United States Navy, for Marcella Callan (1900-1960), at Navy Department, Washington, D.C., Partially Printed Document Signed, July 31, 1919, 1 p., 10.5" x 8" (missing upper left corner); “Notes on Operations,” issues A to D, Printed Documents, 1918-1919, 16 pp., 9.25" x 13.25"; and Map of Chaumont, 1913, 29" x 21" (some tears on folds).

[Responsibilities of Section G-2-C:]
“1. Preparation and issue of maps and charts; all lithography and photography in connection with map reproduction.
“Survey and topographical work.
“Supervision of topographical work and topographical instruction of engineer troops.
“Topographical organizations—Attached from engineers.
“Experimental sound and flash ranging section—Liaison with engineer troops.”

[Commendation by Commander-in-Chief Pershing, April 28, 1919:]
“In considering the work of the various special troops in the American Expeditionary Forces there is none that has been of more vital importance to successful operations than the work of the 29th Engineers, Survey and Printing. The adequate supply of accurate maps was a vital necessity. The field survey and reproduction work necessary for such maps under war conditions called for technical ability of the highest order, for foresight, resourcefulness and good organization.”

John J. Pershing (1860-1948) was born in Missouri and graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1886. He joined the army and served with the cavalry in the West. He taught military science at the University of Nebraska from 1891 to 1895 and at West Point from 1897 to 1898. Because of his command of the 10th Cavalry, consisting of African American “Buffalo Soldiers,” students gave him the nickname “Black Jack,” which remained with him through the rest of his career. He fought in Cuba during the Spanish-American War of 1898, actions for which he received the Silver Star, and in the Philippines during the Philippine-American War of 1899 to 1902. In 1905, he married Helen Frances Warren, the daughter of a powerful U.S. Senator, with whom he had four children. After service in Tokyo and the Balkans, Pershing returned to the Philippines from 1909 to 1913. Known both for his stern discipline and effective leadership, Pershing took command of the 8th Brigade at the Presidio in San Francisco at the end of 1913 and was deployed to Texas to patrol the border with Mexico. In August 1915, a disastrous fire at the Presidio killed his wife and three young daughters, leaving only his six-year-old son. In May 1917, President Woodrow Wilson placed Pershing in command of the American Expeditionary Force, bound for Europe during World War I. Pershing largely received credit for American successes during the war, and he became very popular. In 1919, Congress authorized the President to promote Pershing to General of the Armies of the United States, the highest rank in the U.S. armed forces, created especially for Pershing. Pershing served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1921 until his retirement from active military service in 1924. In 1931, he published his two-volume memoir, which received the 1932 Pulitzer Prize for History.

This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.


Item: 67523

Price: $3,000.00
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